Commercial printing morphs annually in the 21st century. The following printing firsts, however, irrevocably changed the global printing industry. • China, 11th century: Pi Sheng creates the first movable type process by molding letters out of clay. • Korea, 13th century: First movable metal type process is developed. • Mainz, Germany, 1455: Johannes Gutenburg introduces movable type in Europe, and reproduces the Bible. • Philadelphia, 1728: Benjamin Franklin launches “The Pennsylvania Gazette.” • Bohemia, 1796: Alois Senefelder invents the lithographic process. • London, 1814: “The Times” becomes the first newspaper to utilize Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Bauer’s steam-powered press, which

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